The Montgomery Bus Boycott

By: Roberto Albano

December 1, 1955 is when the Montgomery Bus Boycott officially started and it ended on December 20, 1956. This protest was also completed so that it would coincide with the trial of Rosa Parks. However, Rosa Parks is mainly recognized for the success of this boycott. Some of the people that are not really recognized for their part in the boycott are Jo Ann Robinson, E.D. Nixon, and the black people of Montgomery, Alabama.
Jo Ann Robinson was a member of the Women’s Political Council. In 1949 a bus driver in Montgomery, Alabama verbally abused Jo Ann Robinson. This incident made her want to boycott the bus. She then made the notion at a Women’s Political Council meeting to start a boycott, but this did not happen. In 1955, her chance had come to boycott the bus when she printed handouts. The handouts that she passed told the black people to boycott the buses of Montgomery, Alabama.
E.D. Nixon was a member of the NAACP and a lawyer. He too wanted to make a difference and end segregation, so he would wait for his perfect chance. Finally, the day had come. He had heard about Rosa Parks and her story about how she was locked up for her refusal to give up her seat. After this he contacted her and asked her if she would work with him so that they could put an end to bus segregation.
The black people of Montgomery, Alabama were the ones who made the boycott so successful. For one year African Americans boycotted the buses. They were so determined in boycotting the buses to put an end segregation that they car-pooled, took taxis, and even walked to where they had to go. The black people of Montgomery made all of the buses empty by taking part in this protest.
Some people may think that the Civil Rights Movement has ended, but I feel that it has not. For example, an incident has happened recently called Jena 6, the white boys involved were not prosecuted as harshly as the black kids that were involved. Segregation should never have occurred, because every person is that same in one way or another, what makes us different is skin color and that is not a good enough reason to stop people from doing certain things. The experience of Robinson, Nixon, and the black people from Montgomery suggest that it is the people who do the behind-the-scenes work that make the biggest impact.

Bibliography:


A Part of The New York Times Company, (2008). African American Hstory. Retrieved May 22, 2008, from http://afroamhistory.about.com/od/montgomerybusboycott/a/montbusboycott.htm

Cozzens, Lisa (1997). The Montgomery Bus Boycott. Retrieved April 25, 2008, from
http://www.watson.org/~lisa/blackhistory/civilrights-55-65/montbus.html

Trueman, Chris (2000-2008). Montgomery Bus Boycott. Retrieved April 28, 2008, from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/montgomery_bus_boycott.htm