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Introduction

The Voting Rights Act started in 1965 and extended in 1970, 1975, and 1982.
The United States Congress ended the requirements for voting in six Southern states, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina.
the voting rights act of 1965 it shows elements of intergrationism and separatism. The intergrationism is clear when look at its out comes. The act helped more people to vote. Separatism is also found in the act because it still needed revision to make sure that everybody had access to the vote.

Before the Civil War the United States Constitution let few northern states to permitted a small number of free black men to register and vote. This is evidence of separatism. The United States Constitution only let a small number of free black men to vote in the north states, when all of the white men can vote if they wanted to or not.

Shortly after the end of the Civil War Congress enacted the Military Reconstruction Act of 1867. They adopted new state constitutions that permitted universal male suffrage. The 14th Amendment, which conferred citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, was ratified in 1868.

By 1965 concerted efforts to break the grip of state disfranchisement had been under way for some time. They success overall and in some areas had proved almost entirely ineffectual. President Johnson called for a strong voting rights law and hearings began soon thereafter on the bill that would become the Voting Rights Act.

Soon after passage of the Voting Rights Act, federal examiners were conducting voter registration, and black voter registration began a sharp increase. Has been to restore the right to vote guaranteed by the 14th and 15th Amendments. The Voting Rights Act itself has been called the single piece of civil rights legislation ever passed by Congress.