Civil Rights Movement

By: Morgan Craig-Williams

The Civil Rights Movement refers to reform movements in the United States aimed at abolishing racial discrimination against African

Americans and restoring suffrage to Southern states. There are many different leaders that helped the Civil Rights Movement success,

but you might know the more prominent leaders of the movement like Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., W. E. B. Dubois, or Malcolm X.

The movement took place in the United States, but is more directed to the Southern states, from the 1950’s to present times. The Civil

Rights Movement strived for equality, integration and liberty. There are 3 acts in history that demonstrates these 3 topics. Martin Luther

King Jr’s I have a dream speech, which talked about integration, liberty, and equality. Rosa Parks stood for integration through buses by

boycotting, and Little Rock Nine for fighting for their rights of equality.

On December 1, 1955, Parks became famous for refusing to obey bus driver

James Blake's order that she give up her seat to make room for a white

passenger. This action of civil disobedience started the Montgomery Bus

Boycott, which is one of the largest movements against racial segregation. In

addition, this launched Martin Luther King, Jr., who was involved with the

boycott, to prominence in the civil rights movement. By this happening Rosa

helped the integration of the buses, and the equality of blacks and whites

throughout history.

Marin_Luther_King_At_the_lincoln_Memorial.jpegAbout 200,000 people join the March on Washington. Congregating at the Lincoln

Memorial, participants listen as Martin Luther King delivers his famous "I Have a

Dream" speech. When he spoke of his desire for a future where blacks and

whites among others would coexist harmoniously as equals. King's delivery of

the speech on August 28, 1963, from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial during

the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was a defining moment of the

American Civil Rights Movement. This act was definitely for integration rather

than separation. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke with power and this speech

definitely changed history.

The Little Rock Nine, as they later came to be called, were the first black

teenagers to attend all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in

1957. Although Brown v. Board of Education outlawed segregation in schools,

many racist school systems defied the law by intimidating and threatening black

students—Central High School was a notorious example. But the Little Rock

Nine were determined to attend the school and receive the same education

offered to white students, no matter what. Things grew ugly and frightening right

away. On the first day of school, the governor of Arkansas ordered the state's National Guard to block the black students from entering

the school. As scared as they were, the students wouldn't give up, and several went on to graduate from Central High. Nine black

teenagers challenged a racist system and defeated it. These black teenagers fought and were determined to get the same education as

the white students, and they did.

My thesis statement was just supported by various examples throughout history that proved the Civil Rights Movement strived for

equality, integration and liberty. Many would say that the Civil Rights Movement wanted to just better African Americans, but that was far

from the truth. Leaders of the Civil Rights Movement also wanted to bring black and whites together.